It is quite obvious that most people know about cannabis and CBD as well. The funny thing is that the bigger percentage do not know about Terpenes. A few people might have come across the term, but don’t have a clue what terpenes are. Well, this will no longer be the case because I will walk you through everything you need to know about Terpenes.
Terpenes are the organic compounds of the plant that provide plants with color, smell, and flavor. Terpenes are found in cannabis and basically any plant that is on earth. Anything that you can sense in plants, cleaning products, fruits, and flowers are terpenes. Meals and soups will always smell differently because of the various kinds of terpenes they have.
We can say that terpenes are aromatic organic hydrocarbons that exist in plant oils. Research shows that there are more than 20,000 terpenes that are known and the cannabis plant produces up to 200 terpenoids. Terpenes play different roles in each plant. Some plants produce terpenes to attract pollinators while others produce them to keep away animals from eating them.
If you have come into contact with a cannabis plant, you might have noticed small yellowish or brownish hairs that protrude from the buds and flowers. These little structures are known as glandular trichomes and they are produced by female cannabis plants.
Trichomes are responsible for housing terpenes, cannabinoids, and flavonoids in cannabis. This is why cannabis should be handled with care during harvesting and processing. If the trichomes are left intact, then you can be assured of high quality cannabis with strong flavors, distinct smells and nice colors as well.
The production of terpenes depends on factors such as light, temperature, humidity and temperature. This is the sole reasons growers prefer to grow their cannabis in standard conditions.
Recent studies show that Terpenoids in cannabis are vital not only in terms of smell, taste and flavor, but also on the effect they have on a chemical level. Surprisingly, terpenes have an outstanding effect on the endocannabinoid system. It is possible that each type of terpenes delivers a different and unique sensory experience.
As I mentioned earlier, cannabis plants have over 200 different types of terpenes. This explains why each cannabis strain has a unique flavor and aroma. All in all, there are some terpenes that are common in all cannabis plants. Below is a list of the common terpenes that are found in cannabis:
Myrcene– This is the terpene that gives cannabis an earthy, musky, and herbal aroma. Sometimes it smells a bit like cloves with traces of citrus. It happens to be the most abundant terpene in marijuana plants. Myrcene is great when it comes to reducing chronic pain and inflammation. Indica strains are known to have the highest levels of Myrcene.
Limonene– This terpene is what gives cannabis a bitter flavor and a strong citrus smell. Limonene is responsible for elevating your mood and relieving stress. Studies also show that this terpene has anti-fungal and antibacterial properties as well. Moreover, it is quite great at reducing tumor size.
Linalool– This is actually the terpene that gives marijuana its recognizable and distinct smell. Cannabis derives it spicy and floral aroma from Linalool. This terpene can also be found in coriander, lavender, cinnamon and mint. Linalool has strong relaxing and sedative properties. It is ideal for patients with depression, arthritis, cancer, seizures and insomnia.
Humulene– It is a terpene that is not only found in cannabis, but also in hops, black pepper, sage and cloves. It has an earthy, spicy and woody aroma. Humulene is effective as an appetite suppressant and weight loss tool. Besides,it has antiproliferative properties meaning that it inhibits the growth of cancer cells.
I believe you might have noticed that I have used the term terpenoids and terpenes interchangeably. They might be similar, but they have some differences you should know about. Terpenes are organic hydrocarbons. On the other hand, terpenoids are compounds that contains some additional atoms that have been oxidized.
In general, terpenes are contained in a live plant whereas terpenoids are the dried version of terpenes. The drying and curing process transforms the molecules by adding oxygen and as a result changing the taste. Terpenoids are used in the making of spices, essential oils and perfumes because of their aromatic properties. Studies also show that terpenoids determine how cannabinoids work.
Terpenes are responsible for the flavor and smell of marijuana buds. Research also shows that they can alter the intensity and duration of any cannabis strain. Now you know that terpenes are responsible for the unique attributes of each strain.
I am pretty sure most people wonder what the term broad-spectrum CBD oil mean. Basically, it means that the oil contains a high amount of terpenes and cannabinoids. It also means that no cannabinoids or terpenes were lost or changed during processing.
There has been an increased interest in CBD Isolate which is an extract that contains a single isolated cannabinoid. Unfortunately, it is impossible to get maximum effects when you take a CBD isolate. A broad-spectrum CBD oil is way better than a CBD isolate in terms of content and benefits.
Research shows that the best broad-spectrum CBD oil should be extracted from premium hemp flower because it contains the most effective cannabinoids. Stems, stalks and seeds do not have high quality cannabinoids.
Hemp oil is said to contain up to 120 different terpenes, however, not all will be present in a bottle of broad-spectrum CBD oil. The variety and amount of terpenes depend on the method of processing and hemp quality as well.
So, what’s the importance of terpenes in broad-spectrum CBD oil? Well, terpenes combine with different cannabinoids to increase the potency and benefits. In short, the importance boils down to one thing which the entourage effect.
It is evident that Terpenes are responsible for much more than flavor and scent. They provide a lot of natural benefits to us and that is why it is best if you take American Hemp Oil’s CBD oils as they all come with hemp-derived Terpenes.