Full spectrum CBD is the term used to describe a specific type of CBD oil. Many brands out in the market today offer products made with full spectrum CBD, but what makes it so special? Is it more effective? Does it taste better? Here’s a quick rundown on all you need to know about full spectrum CBD oil.
CBD is part of a larger family of compounds known as cannabinoids. Scientists have identified over 80 cannabinoids in different varieties of cannabis, including hemp. The most well-known cannabinoids include cannabidiol (CBD), cannabinol (CBN), cannabigerol (CBG), and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). The latter is the compound responsible for the psychoactive effects of certain strains of cannabis. Colloquially, these psychoactive symptoms are collectively referred to as the “high” feeling associated with cannabis. Cannabinoids found in cannabis are often called phytocannabinoids to differentiate them from cannabinoids found in humans.
How Do Cannabinoids Interact with Our Body?
When our bodies produce cannabinoids, they are commonly referred to as endocannabinoids (endo- means “from within” in Latin.) Endocannabinoids interact with our endocannabinoid system, a complex network of receptors that regulate vital functions in our body. Endocannabinoids work as messengers whose primary goal is to tell cells how to react to different types of stimuli affecting how our system regulates sleep, pain, anxiety, metabolism, and other functions.
When we take cannabinoids like CBD, they interact directly with our endocannabinoid system (ECS) to help achieve internal balance. CBD, in particular, has anti-inflammatory properties that may help with chronic pain, difficulties sleeping, feelings of anxiety, and a wide range of other conditions.
Full spectrum CBD is the name given to products containing CBD extracts infused with traces of other cannabinoids. Some studies suggest the combination of CBD and other cannabinoids may produce a stronger therapeutic effect than CBD alone. Researchers call this phenomenon the entourage effect. Since the CBD industry is relatively new, not much research has been conducted on this particular subject, but scientists are continually working hard to understand the full effects of the entourage effect.
Because CBD is extracted from hemp, full spectrum products will only contain cannabinoids found in hemp. THC is one of those cannabinoids found in hemp; however, the THC content in hemp is never over 0.3%. Due to its extremely low THC content, full spectrum CBD from hemp has no psychoactive properties at all, so users should not be worried about getting high or failing any drug tests.
Even though full spectrum CBD products have THC in them, they are legal nationwide. In 2018, Congress passed legislation to legalize hemp at the federal level effectively making hemp-derived products available and legal everywhere in the country. Additionally, full spectrum CBD products won’t show up on drug tests.
Most brands sell CBD products in one of two formats: full spectrum or isolate. But, what’s the difference? As opposed to CBD full spectrum solutions, CBD isolate is exactly what it sounds like- it is pure CBD isolated from the rest of the hemp plant and other cannabinoids. Despite the different extraction processes, both isolate and full spectrum products can be formulated into a variety of products such as oils, capsules, and even creams.
While research is still being conducted on the entourage effect and the differences between full spectrum and isolate CBD, it is understood that both types of CBD generally have the same effects and benefits because CBD is the main ingredient.