As CBD oil is a relatively new product in the field of health and wellness, there is little information about how it works. One of the most common questions that many consumers have is the difference between CBD oil from hemp and CBD oil sourced from the cannabis plant. This article hopes to shed light on the matter. By providing you with accurate and complete details about CBD oil and its primary sources, we hope to clear the confusion and help people make the right buying decision for their needs.
What is the difference between THC and CBD?
Tetrahydrocannabinol or THC and cannabidiol or CBD fall are both cannabinoids. Cannabinoids are chemical compounds that can be found in cannabis plants including hemp and marijuana. They are plant-based cannabinoids or phytocannabinoids that offer a variety of health benefits. Cannabinoids are secreted by the flowers of the cannabis plant and offer relief from conditions including anxiety, pain, nausea, and inflammation.
Cannabinoids work by mimicking the endocannabinoids that are naturally produced by the body. Endocannabinoids are compounds that regulate vital functions such as internal stability, homeostasis, pain regulation, and immune system functioning. Cannabinoids, be it produced by the body or those derived from cannabis, facilitate the communication between cells to trigger various bodily processes. A deficiency of cannabinoid can result in unwanted symptoms and complications too.
Cannabinoids typically bind to receptor sites located in the brain called CB-1 and various parts of the human body called CB-2. Different cannabinoids produce different effects depending on which type of receptor they bind to. THC mostly binds to receptors in the brain whilst CBD unlocks the receptors scattered throughout the body.
What is CBD?
CBD is a chemical compound extracted from hemp plants. Hemp and marijuana contain cannabidiol or CBD. Cannabidiol is the non-psychoactive substance found in both hemp and cannabis. THC, on the other hand, is what gives the user that “high” or psychoactive effect. Although THC has its own set of health benefits, the majority of the health advantages from the hemp and marijuana plant are derived from their CBD concentration.
To clear a major confusion among the general public, CBD is extremely different from THC. As mentioned earlier, it is a non-psychoactive substance, thus it does not give that natural high to users. It does not cause paranoia or anxiety when consumed even in higher concentrations.
Research reveals that CBD boasts healing properties that can be used to manage and treat a wide array of medical conditions. It has anti-inflammatory, anti-seizure, anti-anxiety, and anti-tumor properties. There are still ongoing studies about the other positive characteristics of CBD, but it has been proven that consumption of this compound is relatively safe.
The majority of the CBD oil products in the market today are extracted from the hemp plant. THC oil, on the other hand, is derived from the cannabis plant. Marijuana contains high levels of THC and low levels of CBD. On the other hand, industrial hemp contains higher concentrations of CBD and with trace amounts of THC.
What is THC?
THC is inarguably the most popular type of cannabinoid. Its main highlights are its euphoric and psychoactive properties. The high that you get from using marijuana is what makes it a popular recreational substance.
THC oil works its magic by binding to cannabinoid receptors located in the brain and central nervous system.
Besides the high that you experience when ingesting marijuana, THC oil delivers a long list of short-term effects. The effects may or may not be present when one consumes or smokes marijuana.
For instance, some people report a sense of calm and peace, whilst some may report increased anxiety levels as a result of ingestion. The intensity of these symptoms will largely depend on an individual’s body composition. In addition, marijuana strains feature different levels of THC oil concentration that also determines the intensity of the outcomes that a user feels after consumption.
There are cannabis strains developed to produce unpleasant sensations. There are also strains that deliver just the right amount of THC to induce pleasant feelings.
When consuming cannabis for its THC oil content, make sure to do your own research to get the results you desire. Online resources feature comprehensive marijuana strain database with all the information about different strains available today.
Experts recommend starting low and going slow. It is best to start with the recommended minimum dose if you are a beginner. If you want to increase the dosage, make sure to go slow to make it easier for you to find that sweet spot.
Here are the short-term effects of THC consumption:
– sedating effect
– pain relief
– increased energy
– feelings of elation
– calm and relaxation
– short-term memory impairment
– dry mouth
– red eyes
– increased heart rate
– slowed perception of time
As you can see, THC delivers pleasant and unpleasant outcomes. In order for you to experience the results that you desire, it is recommended to research about strains and looking into their cannabinoid profile.
Why is there more health benefits for CBD than THC?
Due to the psychoactive properties of THC oil, it is still considered an illegal substance in states where both medical and recreational use of marijuana is prohibited. As THC causes both short-term and long-term side effects, there are still a good number of health authorities that find THC more dangerous than it is beneficial.
CBD oil from marijuana contains high levels of CBD, but some strains are known to contain a substantial amount of THC that can induce psychoactive effects. This is mainly the reason why the law, as well as health professionals, recommend the use of CBD oils, but those that are extracted from industrial hemp.
The approval for CBD in the treatment and management of various illnesses has inspired cannabis breeders to propagate strains with high-CBD, low-THC makeup. The goal of manufacturers is to yield hemp plants with higher CBD to THC ratios in order to minimize, if not, eliminate, the psychoactive side effects.
What is the difference between Hemp and Cannabis Oil?
Marijuana CBF oil refers to the Cannabis Sativa or Indica plant that is cultivated and grown to produce resinous trichomes. The trichomes contain high levels of tetrahydrocannabinol or THC. These plants are bred for their psychoactive qualities.
Industrial hemp, on the other hand, falls under Cannabis Sativa, a strain that features minute concentrations of THC. Hemp is generally a high-growing plant that is grown for industrial applications including clothing, construction, topicals, and oils just to name a few.
Although hemp is under the cannabis plant category, it is different from the cannabis plant that is grown both for medicinal and recreational purposes. It does not produce the buzz that is commonly associated with ingesting marijuana CBD oil. According to research, the best source of high-quality CBD derives from organically grown cannabis with up to 20% CBD concentration by dry weight.
Medical experts reveal that CBD oil extracted from hemp have low efficacy in delivering its supposed health benefits. Even the most popular hemp CBD oils only contain trace amounts of CBD, not enough to trigger the endocannabinoid system to produce desired results. In addition, hemp CBD oil does not contain terpene, a chemical only found in marijuana. Terpene is known to amplify the therapeutic effects not only of CBD but that of THC as well.
The use of Hemp CBD is associated with several problems:
– As industrial hemp contains low levels of CBD when compared alongside marijuana strains with high CBD, it takes a large amount of industrial hemp to produce a small amount of high-grade CBD oil. This can be very bad for the environment as hemp is a bio-accumulator; a plant species that absorb toxic substances from the soil.
– Hemp CBD lacks terpenes; chemicals that enhance the medical benefits of cannabidiol.
In terms of efficacy, marijuana oil is the more preferred cannabis product for health and wellness applications. Quality wise, marijuana CBD oils are extracted from superiors strains that were cultivated using organic growing methods.
Lastly, established pharmaceutical companies yield CBD oils using break-through extraction process that separates harmful solvent from the oil. Hemp oil uses safer extraction methods, but as there are less CBD in the end product, they are still considered inferior when compared alongside CBD oils derived from whole plant cannabis.
CBD Drug Interactions
We are all aware of the promising therapeutic benefits that can be derived from using CBD oil, but did you know that it may also present some unpleasant effects to users who are consuming other types of drug and medications? As side effects are unavoidable when taking CBD oil extracted from both hemp and marijuana, its interaction with drugs that are taken simultaneously may result in adverse effects or serious complications.
Hemp CBD oil has been known to inhibit the liver’s ability in processing certain medications resulting in an overall increase in processing times. As the liver experiences difficulty in metabolizing, drugs stay longer in the body leading to the development of side effects, and in some cases, overdose.
With this in mind, it is highly advised to seek the advice of a doctor before starting on hemp CBD oil therapy. If you are taking other medications simultaneously, it becomes a must to adjust the dosage for it to provide the same desired results without worrying about nasty side effects.
Here is a list of drugs that are identified to have drug interactions with cannabidiol:
2. Oral hypoglycemic agents
7. Immune modulators
8. HIV antivirals
9. Calcium channel blockers
12. Angiotensin II blockers
18. HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors
Here are some guidelines when purchasing CBD products:
– If you are looking to purchase CBD oil, make sure to check the label. Hemp CBD oil product labels will tell you exactly the source of CBD and will provide details on the quantity and ratio of both CBD and THC.
– Although CBD oil has not gained full approval yet from the FDA, make sure to choose products that are tried and tested as safe and efficacious. The products should also be free from harmful elements such as mold, pesticides, bacteria, and solvent residues just to name a few.
– Quality is of utmost importance when choosing CBD oil products. Make sure to select CBD oil with good ingredients such as those that contain zero GMOs, trans fats, corn syrup, colorings, and other additives.
– Not all CBD oil products are created equal. It is important to check the extraction process CBD oil products undergo. Refrain from using CBD oils extracted with the help of deadly solvents such as propane, hexane, and other forms of hydrocarbon.
Hemp CBD or Marijuana CBD oil? Which one is better? The answer to this largely depends on your needs. As there are issues on the legality, safety, and efficacy of CBD oil, medical experts are still reluctant on prescribing the drug to people suffering from serious conditions.
Despite the thousands of cases and reports of the success of CBD oil products in treating minor symptoms and major medical conditions, there are very few results that provide us with a clear picture as to whether CBD oil products; whether sourced from hemp or cannabis, should be considered a safe and effective form of medicine.